Protect Your Kidneys by Controlling Your Diabetes and High Blood Pressure Protect Your Kidneys by Controlling Your Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Protect Your Kidneys: Control Diabetes, Blood Pressure

Most people with kidney disease are not aware of their condition. If you have diabetes, talk to your doctor about getting tested for kidney disease. Keep kidneys healthy by controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure.

March 8 is World Kidney Day, a day dedicated to raising awareness of kidney disease and the importance of its prevention and early detection.

Kidney disease damages your kidneys, preventing them from cleaning your blood as well as they should.

This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body and lead to other health problems, including heart disease, anemia, and bone disease.

Chronic kidney disease eventually can cause kidney failure if it is not treated.

If you do have the disease, it’s important to be diagnosed early. Treatment can slow down the disease, and prevent or delay kidney failure. Because chronic kidney disease often develops slowly and with few symptoms, many people with the condition don’t realize they’re sick until the disease is advanced and requires dialysis. Blood and urine tests are the only ways to tell if you have chronic kidney disease.

Tips for Keeping Your Kidneys Healthy

Steps to help keep your kidneys healthy include the following:

Keep blood pressure below 130/80 mm/Hg. Stay in your target cholesterol range. Eat less salt and salt substitutes. Eat healthy foods. Stay physically active. Take your medications as prescribed.

If you have diabetes, take these steps, too:

Meet blood sugar targets as often as you can. Have an A1c test at least twice a year, but ideally up to four times a year. An A1c test measures the average level of blood sugar over the past three months.

If your blood pressure is high, check it regularly and get it under control to make sure your kidneys remain healthy. Talk to your doctor about medicines to lower your blood pressure.

Helping to prevent type 2 diabetes is another important step in preventing kidney disease. Recent studies have shown that overweight people at higher risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay the onset of the disease by losing 5 to 7 percent of their body weight, or 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person. You can do that by eating healthier and getting 150 minutes of physical activity each week (1).

Who Is More Likely to Develop Kidney Disease?

.In addition to diabetes and high blood pressure, other conditions that increase the risk of kidney disease include heart disease, obesity, older age, high cholesterol, and a family history of chronic kidney disease. A physical injury can also cause kidney disease.

Kidney disease is the eighth leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for the death of more than 50,000 people in 2010 (2). More than 20 million (greater than 10 percent) of U.S. adults have chronic kidney disease and most of them are not aware of their condition (3,4).

More than 35 percent of adults with diabetes have chronic kidney disease (3). High blood sugar (blood glucose) and high blood pressure increase the risk that chronic kidney disease will eventually lead to kidney failure. If you have diabetes, controlling blood sugar and blood pressure reduces the risk of developing kidney disease or may slow its progression (1,3).

Injuries and Infections Can Damage Your Kidneys

Infections – such as those affecting the bladder and kidney – can damage your kidneys, too (5). Call your health care provider if you have any of these signs of bladder infection:

Cloudy or bloody urine Pain or burning when you urinate An urgent need to urinate often

Also, speak with your health care provider if you have any of these signs of kidney infections:

Back pain Chills Fever Chronic Kidney Disease Could Lead to Dialysis or a Transplant

.The final stage of chronic kidney disease is kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease. People with kidney failure need dialysis, in which blood is cleaned through a machine, or a new, healthy kidney through transplantation.

In 2009, more than 110,000 people in the United States began treatment for kidney failure (6). For every ten new cases, seven had diabetes or hypertension listed as the primary cause (6). In that same year, more than 560,000 people in the United States were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant (6). Among people on hemodialysis due to kidney failure, the leading causes of hospitalization are cardiovascular disease and infection (6).

Take steps to keep your kidneys healthy. If you have a higher risk of kidney disease, talk to your doctor about getting tested.