Facts on Kidney Disease
Source: National Kidney Foundation

About Kidney Disease

According to the National Kidney Foundation (NKF), “About 20 million Americans are affected by kidney and urologic diseases, and millions more are at risk. Kidney disease is one of costliest illnesses in the U.S. today.”

NKF also states that, “The four most important risk factors for chronic kidney failure leading to dialysis or transplant are: diabetes mellitus of more than 10 years’ duration, high blood pressure, protein in the urine and a family history of kidney disease.”

“Diabetes mellitus (Type 2, adult onset) is the leading cause of chronic kidney failure, accounting for over 40 percent of the new cases each year and over 31 percent of all cases in the U.S.,” according to the Foundation.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney disease according to the Foundation. Anyone can have high blood pressure and not see clear warning signs. So having regular blood pressure checks is extremely important for everyone.

“Urinary incontinence, the loss of urine control caused by illnesses, medications or aging, is a major health problem in older persons. An estimated 3 million older Americans suffer from this problem,” according to NKF.

Signs and Symptoms

According to the Foundation there are six common warning signs of kidney disease:

Burning or difficulty in urination More frequent urination, particularly at night Puffiness around the eyes, swelling in hands and feet, especially in children Pain in the small of the back, just below the ribs (not aggravated by movement) High blood pressure

These symptoms are not always warning signs of kidney disease. They can also be caused by other health conditions. It is important to see a physician if you have any of these symptoms. Only a doctor can make a proper diagnosis.

Kidney Disease Detection Treatment Options

According to NKF testing for excess protein in the urine should be a routine part of physician visits, especially for people in high risk groups such as: diabetics, high blood pressure sufferers and those with a relative who has kidney disease.

Physicians can treat the disease with a variety of treatment options. Kidney dialysis remains a part of kidney disease treatment, especially for those with serious advanced conditions.

If you are concerned about your kidneys, please consult with your physician promptly. Early detection and treatment offers doctors a better chance in treating the condition.